Tuareg term meaning the annual or semiannual round-trip salt caravans traversing the Ténéré Desert and the oases of Bilma, Fachi, and Agadez. Salt caravans usually travel in October and November and in March and April, providing food items and commodities to the desert oases and returning with salt slobs produced in Kouar. The azalay round-trip takes about three weeks. These caravans were led by a representative of the Amenukal of Aïr, followed by the camels of each Tuareg drum group. Previously all azalay were exclusively Tuareg, but since the advent of French colonialism, the Hausa and Toubou have become involved. With the introduction of trucks and the building of roads, the azalay as once practiced has virtually ceased.

Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . . 2014.

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