High Atlas Mountains

High Atlas Mountains
   The Atlas Mountains are a series of mountain ranges that stretch from west to east across North Africa. They run for 1,931 kilometers from the Moroccan city of Agadir in the southwest to the Tunisian capital of Tunis in the northeast. The two major parts of the Atlas Mountains are the northern and southern sections. The northern section is formed by the Tell Atlas, which receives enough rainfall to bear fine forests. The southern section, which is subject to desert influences, is called the Saharan Atlas. To the west and east of these mountain ranges lie the High Atlas and the Aurès Mountains, respectively. The highest point of the Atlas Mountains culminates in Morocco at Jbel Toubkal, which has an elevation of 4,165 meters and many other peaks above 3,000 meters.
   The High Atlas Mountains of Morocco, in turn, consist of eastern and western High Atlas regions. It is a highly complex region made up of different zones with variations, both in altitude and in annual precipitation. Precipitation is concentrated in the winter months, ranging from about 400 millimeters in the foothills to 800 millimeters in the higher valleys. Much of the precipitation falls as snow between October and March and can produce an important cover down to about 1,500 meters. The region is also subject to intense and shortduration rain during the summer that can be destructive. The High Atlas is home to a diverse Berber population whose mixed economy is based on pastoral nomadism and agriculture. This population includes several Berber confederations, such as the Aït Atta n'Oumalou, Aït Yaflman, Aït Saghrouchene, Bni Ouarain, sections of the Aït Oumalou, Rheraya, Aït Mghran, Aït Wawzwit, Glawa, Goundafa, and Mtuggua. The southern slopes of the High Atlas, made of parts of the Anti-Atlas and the Sahara, constitute the land of the Aït Atta of the Sahara. Similar to the Middle Atlas region, their livelihoods are derived from livestock production, intensive agriculture and arboriculture, and off-farm income generated by tourism and emigration revenues.
   See also Aurès Mountains; Kabyles; Rif; Sous.

Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . . 2014.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Atlas Mountains — For other uses, see Mount Atlas. Atlas Mountains Range Toubkal Mountain in Toubkal National Park in the High Atlas …   Wikipedia

  • High Atlas — Geobox|Range name=High Atlas image caption=Jbel Toubkal in Toubkal National Park country=Morocco state= highest=Jbel Toubkal highest elevation=4167 highest lat d=31|highest lat m=03|highest lat s=43|highest lat NS=N highest long d=7|highest long… …   Wikipedia

  • High Atlas — ▪ mountains, Morocco French  Haut Atlas,  or  Great Atlas    mountain range in central Morocco. It extends northeastward for 460 miles (740 km), from the Atlantic Coast to the Algerian border. Many peaks exceed an elevation of 12,000 feet (3,660… …   Universalium

  • Atlas Mountains — a mountain range in NW Africa, extending through Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. Highest peak, Mt. Tizi, 14,764 ft. (4500 m). * * * Mountain system, northwestern Africa. It extends some 1,200 mi (2,000 km) from the Moroccan port of Agadir in the… …   Universalium

  • Atlas Mountains — geographical name mountains NW Africa extending from SW Morocco to NE Tunisia; its highest peaks are in the Grand, or High, Atlas in SW central Morocco see toubkal (Jebel) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • High Atlas — geographical name see Atlas Mountains …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Middle Atlas Mountains —    This is a mountain chain located in north central Morocco. It covers an estimated area of 28,000 square kilometers and runs for about 400 kilometers from north to south. The landscape of the Middle Atlas is a region consisting of different… …   Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)

  • High Plateau line — Overview Status Under construction Operation Operator(s) SNTF Technical Track gauge …   Wikipedia

  • Atlas (disambiguation) — Most things with a name that includes the term Atlas stem directly or indirectly from the mythological character AtlasAtlas may also refer to: Greek mythology * Atlas (mythology), a Titan who bore the spheres of the heavens; inspiring the widely… …   Wikipedia

  • Atlas Cedar — Taxobox name = Atlas Cedar status = LR/lc | status system = IUCN2.3 image caption = Atlas Cedars near Khénifra, Morocco regnum = Plantae divisio = Pinophyta classis = Pinopsida ordo = Pinales familia = Pinaceae genus = Cedrus species = Cedrus… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”